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AI×発達障害当事者研究:計算論的神経科学による認知個性の顕在化 AI x Tojisha-Kenkyu: Computational Neuroscience for Systematic Understanding of Cognitive Individuality



研究リーダー Project Leader
長井 志江 特任教授 Yukie Nagai Project Professor
東京大学 ニューロインテリジェンス国際研究機構 International Research Center for Neurointelligence, The University of Tokyo
研究者 Researchers
  • 熊谷 晋一郎 准教授 Shinichiro Kumagaya Associate Professor
  • 綾屋 紗月 特任講師 Satsuki Ayaya Project Lecturer
  • 大黒 達也 特任助教 Tatsuya Daikoku Project Assistant Professor
研究員 Ph.D. Researcher
Yanggang Feng Yanggang Feng Stefan Heinrich Stefan Heinrich Alexis Holgado Alexis Holgado Anja Philippsen Anja Philippsen
研究生 Research Student
吉田 尚人 Naoto Yoshida





発達障害を個性と捉える「ニューロダイバーシティ社会」の実現 Building a Neurodivergent society that embraces developmental disorders as individuality


The concept of “neurodiversity” was proposed in the late 1990s, suggesting that developmental disorders, such as autism spectrum disorder, appear as a result of normal fluctuations in neural activity and should be regarded as individuality. With the rapid increase in the number of children diagnosed with developmental disorders, a neurodivergent society is becoming desirable. Overseas companies are rapidly growing by hiring people with developmental disorders with focus on their personal characteristics while the employment of people with intellectual disabilities / mental disorders in Japan is only 6.2% (Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, 2015). One reason for this is that the difficulties encountered by people with developmental disorders and their uniqueness are not visible, both to them and those around them, leading to slow progress in rational consideration and the establishment of social environments.


Details of Project

人工知能と発達障害当事者の双方向からアプローチ Two-way approach from AI and people with developmental disabilities


In this project, we aim to evaluate developmental disorders as cognitive individuality more quantitatively by integrating a constructive AI-assisted approach and analytical approach targeting persons with developmental disorders. This will help visualize characteristics that have almost been hidden from both the individuals with developmental disorders and those around them. We will design a computational model using AI that mimics the neural circuitry of the brain and reproduce the brain state in which developmental disorders occur, in order to understand cognitive individuality as a system. Under the tojisha-kenkyu project, we will attempt to understand the mechanisms behind developmental disorders by objectively observing and analyzing the problems of individuals with developmental disorders.

【1】AIで脳内の神経回路を再現する [1] Recreating neural circuits in the brain with AI


In the AI research, we will use neural circuit models that replicate the principle of so-called “predictive coding” in our brains. Our brains can predict and act on unknown situations by combining the limited information we receive from our sensory organs with the experience and knowledge we acquired from past events. The predictive coding principle has been proposed as a promising hypothesis to make this possible. By constructing a model of the brain on a computer and varying its internal parameters, a range of conditions can be created to simulate organic or functional brain diseases. Accordingly, we can constitutively investigate the mechanism of developmental disorders by learning and generating different cognitive behaviors while varying the conditions.

【2】当事者の視点から客観的に分析する [2] Objective analysis from the perspective of parties involved


On the other hand, in the tojisha-kenkyu project, we will analyze various cognitive behavioral problems experienced by people with developmental disorders in daily life from the perspective of an insider observer and extract common mechanisms behind each problem. By comparing the results with models obtained from our AI research, we will uncover factors and parameters that explain cognitive individualities. As a result, we will elucidate cognitive individuality by revealing the principle of individuality generation as a system and develop fundamental technologies for neurofeedback and biofeedback (a technique for estimating the state of the individual in real time based on measured neural activity and biological information and communicating it to the individual) aimed at the conscious control of individuality.


Values / Hopes

発達障害者の社会参加に新たな指針を与える New guidelines for the social participation of people with developmental disorders


By revealing cognitive individuality and understanding its mechanisms, we can expect to provide new guidelines for support and rehabilitation in the educational field, for employment and training in the employment field, and for diagnoses and treatments in the medical field. It will allow the design of principle-based support methods for diversity issues among individuals that could not be addressed by conventional case-based support. In particular, the application of neurofeedback and biofeedback technologies to revealed cognitive individuality will eventually enable the conscious control of cognitive individuality. This will be a useful technology, not only for people with developmental disorders, but for those with regular development and will contribute immensely to the establishment of a neurodivergent society.